Digital Outlook

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12 comments on “Digital Outlook
  1. Alina Rosenberg says:

    Titel: Facebook appears set on crafting custom silicon for augmented reality devices
    Link: https://www.digitaltrends.com/computing/facebook-augmentedreality-glasses-custom-silicon/
    Ressource of the article: Digital Trends
    Publication date: 18.09.2018
    Comment: The article shows that the company no longer wants to be an ordinary social media platform but rather driving the state of the art forward with breakthrough work in computer vision, machine learning, mixed reality.
    Very interesting article about taking Facebook into the next phase of reality (New AR advertising solutions or AR games for the Messenger platform).

    Titel: Snapchat finally comes to Windows 10 and MacOS, but it’s not what you think
    Link: https://www.digitaltrends.com/computing/snapchat-comes-to-windows10-macos/
    Ressource of the article: Digital Trends
    Publication date: 26.10.2018
    Comment: On Snapchat users can interact or contribute content and, therefore, should belong to the web 2.0. Due the AR experiences, Snapchat already belongs to third web.
    This article is about the new Snap Camera, a free application designed for the desktop. People can now use Snapchat lenses while using their computer.
    I guess that the Snapchat team is trying to prevent their customers from quitting the platform by creating new distribution channels and bringing the AR experience to the desktop. I can imagine that this solution could expand the base.

    Titel: Google Home Hub review
    Link: https://www.digitaltrends.com/smart-home-reviews/google-home-hub-review/
    Ressource of the article: Digital Trends
    Publication date: 22.10.2018
    Comment: Google is well-known for its search engine that simply presents information of the whole world wide web to the user. In the last years, Google has developed a wide range of products and services and nowadays the company belongs to the digital pioneers.
    This article is about the new smart product “Google Home Hub”. It offers an easy smart home control. In addition, the user can connect to other smart devices in the house (similar to Amazons Alexa).
    The development of a digital search engine to a company that offers a smart home device is, in my opinion, an impressive step and proves that companies always have to drive their state of the art forward and have to think out of the box in order to constantly be one of the digital pioneers.

  2. jannis says:

    Title: The digital evolution of financial services is evolving at full speed with or without credit unions

    Link: https://www.cuinsight.com/the-digital-evolution-of-financial-services-is-evolving-at-full-speed-with-or-without-credit-unions.html

    Resource of the Article: Joe Brancucci, Credit-Union Insight

    Published on 1.November.2018

    Digital is so everpresent that it is a Miracle its just now affecting the World of Crediting and Banking openly. Sure many processes like liability checks of creditcards and their users are important digital additions to the world of Payments and therfore also banking today. Most of These Processes however are estbalished and executed in the background. It was never in the interest of Providers of these Services to make the Procesesses publicly knowledgeable. The Rest of Banking Services, for most of the past remained Analog
    Today anyways we see Banks like N26 who offer purely digital Banking Services. So instead of using digital in background, it is used more openly.
    This article focuses on the step, that cedit-unions have to make in order to be relevant also in the future. A step that has been made (in this case as Initial starting-Point) by future big-Players like N26. Like many businesses, they theoretically know what Goals they need to fullfill in order to stay relevant also for younger target-groups but, as shown in this article they fail to do so out of various reasons.
    I would sort the article in Web 1.0 until 3.0 as it wants the credit-unions to always stay with the trends and adapt newest digital Technologies for their use- ideally until Web 3.0.

    I would agree with this article, as the same Topic is everpresent in almost every Business today. We all have to be alert in order to stay ahead.

  3. jannis says:

    What the Heck is Web 3.0 Anyway?

    Link: https://www.forbes.com/sites/juttasteiner/2018/10/26/what-the-heck-is-web-3-0-anyway/#15641cfd6614

    Resource: Jutta Steiner, Forbes.com
    Release 26.October.2018

    Comment: As the title shows, this Article is meant to show what Web 3.0 means. It explains the features and initial Ideas of Web 1.0 and then shows the development to 2.0. On the matter of Web 3.0 however there is missing a concrete Explanation. Instead this Arcticle shows more Information About a part of Web 3.0, the Blockchain.

    I chose this article because it promotes the Idea of Internet that is free of Control because it Controls itself. I think that is a very nice Vision, even though its used (in this article) as a form of Advertisement.

  4. jannis says:

    Title: Augmented Reality (AR) in Retail – Why it is the Next Best Thing in Customer Engagement
    Link: https://www.netsolutions.com/insights/augmented-reality-in-retail/
    Source: Amandeep Singh, NetSolutions
    Release: 17.10.2018

    Amandeep Singh goes from explaining AR to ist use in Customer Engagement.
    He Explains the Need of personal Customer Care on the Example of a Supermarket and gives Augmented Reality as a Solution.
    In my opinion he is right as AR gives the possibility of Rewarding, Personal Customer Care (e.G. a digital description of all the goods inside the Supermarket via Smartphone Apps, Glasses etc.) while also having lower cost and compatibility over all channels. Via the Use of QR Codes for example it would be possible for a Supermarket to offer the Service for every Client in Possession of a Device able to Scan (Smartphone, Tablet, Glasses etc.)

    Many Shops in the Industry of Fashion already use AR for exactly that Reason. Whilst this Article is not Talking completely About a novelty, it explains many important features of AR and gives a good overwiev also from a Customer Perspective. This leads me to agree with the Words of Mr. SIngh

  5. Philipp Holzhacker says:

    Article 1:
    Name: Open Banking and the Evolution of Digital Payments
    Link: https://www.finextra.com/blogposting/16087/open-banking-and-the-evolution-of-digital-payments
    Release:22:10.2018
    The article is about the development of a new payment application. He describes the development of digital payment options and discusses the benefits of the new app. It is particularly interesting that, unlike the previous applications positioned on the market, it can show the user where and how he can lower his costs in a certain area.
    This new understanding of the actual expenses helps the customer to better understand his finances. Above all, this new open banking system helps it to check its account balances in real time and to propose the best account for the payment process when making a purchase. Despite the fact that consumers in the financial sector are wary of new technologies, I think that this new payment option will soon play a major role in the financial sector Germany. I think that the development compared to other countries is a bit slower, but in the end payment options such as the smartphone paying can not be prevented. The positive feedback and recommendation from financial service providers will certainly play their part in the growth of this payment app.

    Article 2
    Name: ALDI and Grocery Competitors Poised for Online-Offline Evolution
    Link: https://www.pymnts.com/news/retail/2018/aldi-bjs-kroger-instacart-online-grocery-shopping-delivery/
    Release:22.10.2018 09:00
    This article is about the shift of the target groups of online supermarkets. After selling about 40% more food over the Internet from 2017 to 2018, it is expected that the previously underestimated online supermarkets will play a role in the near future. One of the big players in this area is definitely Amazon. For this reason, it makes sense in my opinion that Aldi, in cooperation with the company instacart, wants to promote the expansion of the online network in the USA. The aim of the German discounter is to build online store network on to 75 markets in the USA. It can be seen that in the age of digital development, people are becoming more comfortable and thus likely to change their shopping habits. For this reason, this investment affects more than reasonable.

    Article 3:
    Name: Aussies hope free WI-FI on its beaches will lead to fewer drownings
    Link: https://www.digitaltrends.com/outdoors/aussies-hope-free-wi-fi-on-its-beaches-will-lead-to-fewer-drownings/
    Release:16.11.2018
    This article includes the development of Internet on public beaches in Australia. The idea behind offering Wi-Fi on beaches is, that beach-goers receive an explanation of the beach rules and more and more up-to-date information about the weather and any trends. When people drown in Australia, it is often because they are not in the designated areas. It might be possible for tourists to realize they are in a dangerous area, and to identify which areas are monitored.
    In my opinion, such online information will be more common in the future than previously thought. I think that on the one hand, the image of the typical bather will change, but also safety will play a more importance in the future. Who is responsible if something happens? Could one have initiated measures so that something does not happen? In the future, in order to get rid of these questions, I think sooner or later that such platforms will be found.

  6. Franz Dorschner says:

    Title: ProSiebenSat.1 signs MPP Global for digital evolution
    Link: http://www.technologyrecord.com/Article/prosiebensat1-signs-mpp-global-for-digital-evolution-72597
    Resource of the article: The Record
    Publication date: 20.09.2018
    Comment:
    The article is about one of Germany´s biggest media companies ProSiebenSat.1, which operates free-to-air commercial TV channels, Pay TV channels and more and their next step towards the digital evolution. They have signed Microsoft partner MPP Global in order to launch a new premium entertainment service called 7TV, which will be an over the top platform offering a full package of live-streams, media libraries with local content, Hollywood productions and all kinds of sports. They will also include video-on-demand portals like Maxdome. With the help of MPP Global the company wants to replace their own in-house subscription with a more flexible service for subscription management and alternative monetization of their assets.
    ProSiebenSat1. Has understood that consumers in the future will desire a consumer-friendly platform that lets them get free sneak-peaks into premium shows before having to pay for subscription fees and with the help of their new platform ProSiebenSat1. wants to achieve that.
    The current situation this article writes about is in my opinion transforming a web.2.0. website into an even better working web 2.0. website and I personally agree with the article and with the company the article is about, that the launch of their new platform will be a good way to achieve customer satisfaction

    Title: China OPP demands digital evolution for luxury brands
    Link: https://www.alizila.com/china-opportunity-begs-digital-evolution-luxury-brands/
    Resource of the article: Alizila
    Publication date: 24.10.2018

    Comment:
    This article is about the Chinese consumers being the biggest spending force in the luxury sector worldwide and the need for luxury retailers to evolve digitally in order to differentiate form their competitors. Chinese people are the biggest spending force in the global luxury market, accounting for 32% of global sales in 2017. The article gives the reader further information about the shopping behavior of Chinese people compared to the rest of the world before getting into the need of luxury brands to evolve digitally. So far there is only a 9% e-commerce penetration for the luxury sector, which suggests for a tremendous growth potential, since a McKinsey report showed that about 80% of global luxury sales are digitally influenced. There is even more information about that in the article.
    One luxury brand the article mentions as going into the right direction of digital evolution is Tiffany, which recently launched a pop-up Store on Tmall´s luxury pavilion that includes augmented reality to enhance the online shopping experience for customers.
    In my opinion the article is situating web.2.0 companies that will have to transform into web.3.0. companies in order to being able to maintain their competitive advantages over their competitors, which I fully agree to.

    Title: The Evolution towards Digital Disruption – and the impact on the IT service industry
    Link: https://www.cio.com/article/3311920/it-industry/the-evolution-towards-digital-disruption-and-the-impact-on-the-it-service-industry.html
    Resource of the article: CIO from IDG
    Publication date: 08.10.2018

    Comment:
    This article is about how Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine learning (ML) could be the main drivers in a profound change in digital technology and how they could also disrupt the IT service business. After learning about what AI and ML are and how they work and what are the main differences between them the article describes multiple ways in how they could improve the IT service business. It´s said that the first the first automated activities using AI will be activities using the 4 D´s. Those are activities that are Dull (repetitive and easy), Dangerous, Dirty or Difficult. There are examples for each of the 4 D´s and how they can be implemented into our everyday lives to simplify our life.
    This article is about the ongoing development of web phase 2 to web phase 3 and also supports my opinion that AI and ML is soon going to be implemented into every possible segment of our lives.

  7. Ludwig Kleemann says:

    Article 1:

    Title: How Is AI Revolutionizing Elderly Care

    Link: https://www.forbes.com/sites/shourjyasanyal/2018/10/31/how-is-ai-revolutionizing-elderly-care/#8a4b4c4e07d6

    Publication Date: Oct 31, 2018, 10:40pm

    The main focus of this article is about how AI Is revolutionizing elderly care. It describes five ways how we can profit from AI based tools in the future (or even now). The first one is about home health monitoring which basically is about AI health detection and how Voice-based assistants can help with that. The second and third one is about smart devices and how they impact on our life. The fourth one is about robotic helpers which can support elderly patients who need daily assistants and the last one is about how AI can help anti-aging researchers understand the aging process.

    Because of its AI focused tools and robotics the article deals with phase 3. In my opinion this is a very important area where everybody once will be impacted. I think it’s necessary to get more innovations like that, in our aging generation we will have to handle that problem.

    Article 2:

    Title: Turning To AI To Save Endangered Languages

    Link: https://www.forbes.com/sites/cognitiveworld/2018/11/23/turning-to-ai-to-save-endangered-languages/?ss=ai-big-data#28485af06f45

    Publication Date: Nov 23, 2018, 10:00pm

    This article describes the importance of saving endangered languages and how AI can be the solution for that problem. The main idea is to use AI for language documentation and language learning. With IBM Watson Jason Lovell built a messenger chatbot that replies to users in “te reo Maori”, the Indigenous language of New Zealand.

    In my opinion it is really important to save endangered languages and I like the idea to use AI to help people learning those languages.

    This article deals with phase 3 because of its AI focus.

    Article 3:

    Title: A portrait created by AI just sold for $432,000. But is it really art?

    Link: https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/shortcuts/2018/oct/26/call-that-art-can-a-computer-be-a-painter

    Publication Date: Fri 26, Oct 2018, 4.36 pm

    This article is about a painting which was sold for 432.000$, created by AI. It’s an interesting discussion how far AI should go and in my opinion paintings should be made by humans.

    As the article says paintings need an emotional mind, which is quiet hard for robots yet. I agree, that “Art is a way humans communicate ideas, perceptions and feelings to each other“ and because of that robots should not get into art. In my opinion robots are not built to show those feelings, at least not at the moment.

    This articles also deals with phase 3 because of its AI focused idea.

  8. Ruzica Bulatovic says:

    Article 1:
    Title: The future of AI will be about less data, not more
    Link: https://hbr.org/2019/01/the-future-of-ai-will-be-about-less-data-not-more
    Resource of Article: hbr.org (Harvard Business Review)
    Category: Innovation
    Author: H. James Wilson; Paul R. Daugherty; Chase Davenport
    Date: January 14, 2019

    This article is about how AI is commonly used today and how it probably will develop in the future. The authors advise companies which think about investing in AI, to consider that in the future machines will rely less on bottom-up data and more on top-down data technologies. Consequently, the way how machines will approach problems and solve specific tasks will be very similar to the way humans do this. Instead of building a bottom-up system, requiring mass data and having the “edge-case problems”, top down methods will be more broadly applied. An example for these “edge-case problems” can be found in the automotive industry. While developing autonomous drive, the companies must face the limitation that unknown situations and objects can’t be handled and classified properly, such gaps in the systems would lead to accidents. Compared with that, top-down systems don’t require as much data and are faster, more flexible, and, like humans, more innately intelligent. Researchers have already developed some artificial general intelligence models, like robots that generalize from few examples, which are far more efficient than “data-hungry” neural networks.
    To me the topic of the article, that in future AI will be about less data, not more, seems to be a serious issue. Companies which plan to use AI in the future should rethink their processes and define a strategy which is aimed to models, which will be common soon. So instead of collecting mass data, in order to build a bottom-up AI system, companies should think about using and developing systems that work more innately intelligent. This article is about an ongoing trend within web phase 3, which could be also be a big step towards the next web phase.

    Article 2:
    Title: How retails change when algorithms curate everything we buy
    Link: https://hbr.org/2019/01/how-retail-changes-when-algorithms-curate-everything-we-buy
    Resource of Article: hbr.org (Harvard Business Review)
    Category: Sales and Marketing
    Author: Bobby Gibbs; Nick Harrison
    Date: January 07, 2019

    This article is about how big curating engines, such as TripAdvisor and Google Flights in the travel sector, could lead to a disruption in retail. The first revolution of retail has already taken place, by providing the possibility of digital shopping. People can order things they already know they want from online shops. The next step would be a refinement of technologies as for instance tailoring recommendations and scouring the internet for the best deal. The authors think that, according to the great variety of retailers and price categories, such a technology isn’t as easy to develop for retail as it is for the travel sector. But, however, some retailers have already started using technology as learning algorithms and machine learning applied to preferences in order to help the customer to find most suitable products for himself. Retail curators in the future, could earn a lot of money by making the customer pay for the shopping service to get a variety of goods in one go.
    To me this is a very interesting article, because I still do a lot of traditional shopping. Before I buy some very expensive items in a traditional store, I go online to compare the prices. But in fact, I don’t like doing this because it takes a lot of time and is mostly frustrating because of the large variety of providers. Such a searching engine which could recommend me the site which offers the best price for the concrete product, would be a reason for me to switch from shopping in traditional stores to online shopping. And if I would get well-functioning personalized recommendations, I could imagine to completely renounce going physically to a store. As they wrote in the article, the most important thing for retailers I to create a strong brand image and to give customers good reasons to buy their products. Summing up, this article is about the transformation of web 2.0 into web 3.0 in the sector of retail, by using AI.

    Article 3:
    Title: With these nanoparticles, a simple urine test could diagnose bacterial pneumonia – Results could also indicate whether antibiotics have successfully treated the infection.
    Link: http://news.mit.edu/2018/nanoparticles-urine-diagnose-bacterial-pneumonia-1129
    Resource of Article: MIT News
    Author: Anne Trafton
    Date: November 29, 2018

    This article of MIT News is about nanoparticle-based technology that could be used to improve the speed of diagnosis for pneumonia. Instead of using current diagnostic approaches, which can take several days to get a definitive result, this sensor could bring rapid detection. It could also monitor whether antibiotic therapy has successfully treated the infection. Researchers are already working on the topic that this approach could be used to determine whether a patient has bacterial or viral pneumonia, which would help doctors to decide if the patient should be given antibiotics or not.

    I would situate this article to phase 3, because of the artificial intelligence technology which can be used to “replace” a doctor. The technology is very innovative and could save a lot of lifes. I think it is very impressive to see how AI, even in the medicine, is slowly “overtaking”. Instead of trusting the opinion of the doctor, simple tests could give precise answers to health issues.

  9. Isabella Juckenath says:

    Article 1
    Title: Model paves way for faster, more efficient translations of more languages
    Link: http://news.mit.edu/2018/unsupervised-model-faster-computer-translations-languages-1030
    Resource: Rob Matheson, MIT News Office
    Publication date: 30.10. 2018
    Comment:

    This article describes a novel “unsupervised” language translation model (developed by MIT researchers) that could lead to more efficient and faster computer-based translations of far more languages. Up to 7,000 spoken languages, which covers roughly all of the worlds spoken languages, may be open to computer-based translation. The model represents a step toward one of the major goals of machine translation, which is fully unsupervised word alignment.

    In my opinion, it is a clever way to use models like this. Making translations easier and covering almost every language will help to connect the world even more and to break down linguistic barriers.

    Because of the intelligent computer system based on AI, this article deals with phase 3.

    Article 2
    Title: Model helps robots navigate more like humans do
    Link: http://news.mit.edu/2018/model-helps-robots-navigate-like-humans-1004
    Resource: Rob Matheson, MIT News Office
    Publication date: 04.10.2018
    Comment:

    This article is about a way to help robots navigate environments more like humans do. A new and innovative motion-planning model lets robots determine how to reach a goal by exploring the environment, observing other agents, and exploiting what they’ve learned before in similar situations. This model combines a planning algorithm with a neural network that learns to recognize paths that could lead to the best outcome and uses that knowledge to guide the robot’s movement in an environment. For example, robots it is possible that robots are able to reach for objects in ever-changing environments.

    I think it can be a huge advantage in so many areas but there are also risks. I personally hope that robots/machines won’t outrun and replace humans one time due to being more efficient, faster and maybe someday more intelligent than we are.

    This article clearly deals with phase 3 because it describes how robots can behave like humans (AI).

    Article 3
    Title: Automated system identifies dense tissue, a risk factor for breast cancer, in mammograms
    Link: http://news.mit.edu/2018/AI-identifies-dense-tissue-breast-cancer-mammograms-1016
    Resource: Rob Matheson, MIT News Office
    Publication date: 16.10.2018
    Comment:

    The article focusses on the development of an automated model that assesses dense breast tissue in mammograms. It states that the results of this deep-learning model are as reliably as diagnoses from expert radiologists. Also, time can be saved due to the fast diagnoses made by the model.
    The development of this deep-learning model is a breakthrough because no model due to this date was able to be used successfully a clinic on real patients. Because it was already successfully used on patients the experts hope it may lead to more consistent screening procedures. They also hope that the model helps to bring greater reliability to breast density assessments across the nation and the world and want a broad implementation.

    For me, it is huge progress and an advantage when medical processes can be automated. Diagnoses can be made faster and medical examination more efficient.

    This article addresses phase 3 because of the automated intelligent deep-learning system and the human-machine interaction.

  10. Jörg Plutte says:

    Article 1
    Link: https://www.forbes.com/sites/quora/2018/11/06/will-print-newspapers-ride-out-the-online-digital-evolution-of-news/#5829b6bd4e11

    Date: November 6th, 2018

    Title: Will Print Newspapers Ride Out the Online Digital Evolution of News

    Content: This article is about the fear of print newspaper publishers that struggle with the online digital evolution of news become faster and free to read. The article shows that newspaper staffs went down about 50% since 2003 all lead back to the digital evolution in the past decade. The author of this article also focuses on the bad habit of nowadays news reader that these people mostly only skim the online headlines and therefore aren´t well informed about real facts. In addition to this problem the author also reports about a decimation of job cuts due to the fact that many journalists and editors think that real good journalism and investigation is a luxury they can not afford anymore. So, his conclusion is that journalist and editors should aim for higher targets with elaborated investigations so that their news lasts a longer and have a bigger impact on readers.

    My point of view to this topic is that the author of the article is right that the digital evolution has some bad influences on younger news readers due to the fact that several bloggers, posters and online journalist are under a high pressure of brining the latest news nearly instant online. There must me be big lack of quality in investigation and writing. So, the big downfall of this is that I agree with the editor of this report that people start to skim the headlines and read prepared opinions and stop requisitioning and rethink such reports or articles. At the same time, I think that this topic is noting new for 2018. Even though this article was published in November 18 I think this problem is already 10 years old at least.

    ———————————-
    Article 2

    Link: https://www.zdnet.com/article/nascars-digital-evolution-on-track/

    Date: October 4th, 2018

    Title: NASCAR´S Digital Evolution on Track

    Content: Like the subhead line already tells this article is about how NASCAR leads the way in the transition to digital for domestic US motorsports and the marketing ecospheres and sponsors that rely on them. After a quite long part about where NASCAR comes from and why it is so popular in the US the author of this article reports about new digital technology that found it´s place in this motorsport series. Streaming the races became more and more relevant to the organizers. Less fans go to the actual events. But more and more people want to watch NASCAR at home on their screens. So very early NASCAR races became an option to watch online with additional camera perspectives and 360-degree drivers’ point of view cameras. The author also reports about professional drivers that used and still use racing simulator but in addition to this they watch hours of hours of video data that is live streamed all around the world to improve their drivers’ skills and knowledge about a specific race tracks. Finally, the author writes about that all these digital technologies are irrelevant if it doesn’t resonate with the audience and that TV will remain the core distributor of this medium, but NASCAR is leading the way for US motorsports when it comes to its media ecosphere.

    As a big childhood fan of Formula One I can very much agree with the author that digital evolutions need to take a big part in motorsports. Again, the US is quite good at this and they proofed it now for several years in NESCAR. I´m not a big fan of NASCAR due to its nature of driving only in circles but I´ve already noticed a few years ago how this US motorsport uses social media and digital online options to offer new services to their viewers. NESCAR shows how people can live interact with this sport and I think that this technology needs to find a place in Formula One as well. Like he said at the and it is very important to resonate with the audience and as I´m a Millennial which means I still now how to entertain myself without any mobile device or online connection, the coming generations are raised with screens and Wi-Fi. So, I guess it will be something important for future fans to get all this interaction and connection with this sport. Otherwise they will lose their biggest value.

    ———————————
    Article 3

    Link: http://aldianews.com/articles/culture/latin-americas-digital-evolution-occurring-moderate-pace/54534

    Date: November 20th, 2018

    Title: Latin America’s Digital Evolution Occurring at Moderate Pace

    Content: This article is mostly about a study from The Fletcher School of Tufts University in partnership with MasterCard and is aimed on the digital evolution index of Latin America and their potential growth in digitalization. The author brings up some numbers of e-commerce growth and e sales from 2016 to 2018 and that some of those numbers will rise in 2019. The purpose of this study is to provide lawmakers and companies an overview that contains valuable data and enables them to harness the regions tremendous economic potential through the digital evolution. MasterCard wants to play an important role in this digital transformation of Latin America. Compared to Asia, Latin Americas biggest economies from Argentina, Brazil, Mexico and Colombia have higher urbanization rates and therefore a governmental program for a fully digital marketplace like it is developed in some Asian countries needs to be created for Latin America as well. So, the discussion of a digital transformation of Latin America is started and leading countries and companies want to enhance the current situation for a stronger digital economy with less options for corruption.

    The digital evolutions of Germany are a big part of our economy for years now. Still Germany is not in a good position when you compare to other countries around the globe, but I think that the topic of digital evolution contains global in every letter of it. Due to the fact that the world wide web is something global, who would have thought that, not only Europe, North America and Asia are important global economy systems that should have the luxury of using digital developments. Not only for Latin America a digital infrastructure is important to gain sales also for the world a new and different trading partner can be developed. The leading countries and companies should even more focus on countries that still struggle with the digital evolvement and should start investing in future programs. So, my point of view is that this special Latin American eco system needs to be improved for all trade partners around the globe.

  11. Arbia Bejaoui says:

    Article 1: Tata Communications’ Countrywide Internet of Things Will Manage the Chaos in India’s Booming Cities: The new network aims to improve traffic, manufacturing, health care, and more

    Link: https://spectrum.ieee.org/telecom/internet/tata-communications-countrywide-internet-of-things-will-manage-the-chaos-in-indias-booming-cities

    Resource of the article: IEEE Spectrum, Magazine edited by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers in the US.

    Publication date: 22/01/2019

    This article presents the big issue of the traffic jam in Mumbai especially during the heavy rain season, from June to August, in which the city is exposed to a big rush hour chaos. On the other hand, the urbanization and population growth have downgraded the problem.
    So, following the example of some cities in Europe which connected devices to improve services such as connecting garbage trucks and garbage bins using IoT-enabled sensors. So, the sanitation workers know when they have to collect them which is am energy efficient and cost-effective approach. For this reason, the Indian government has launched a program to benefit from large scale IoT network with the hope of a bright urban future for India.

    Tata Communication, an IoT-focused network in India has built from the ground up a new super low-power, secure, bidirectional network specifically for massive IoT communications new network which is now the world’s largest IoT network, connecting over 400 million people in India’s 44 largest cities as well as hundreds of villages along 12 national highways.
    This wireless communication technology is using sensors to digitize elements of the infrastructure such as power consumption, streetlights, utilities, and parking meters. All of this aim to reduce the city’s energy use, increase waste-management efficiency, make construction sites safer, and alleviate rush-hour traffic. For India this is just a beginning to become the country with the largest smart cities in the world.

    In my opinion going toward the smart city model, thanks to IoT network which connect cities with their communities, has the potential to transform people’s quality of life by completely changing the way in which services are delivered. It will be a truly big change in the era of Data and relieve the lives of whole millions of people.
    Please check the link below 😉

    Article 2: How Political Campaigns Weaponize Social Media Bots: Analysis of computational propaganda in the 2016 U.S. presidential election reveals the reach of bots

    Link: https://spectrum.ieee.org/computing/software/how-political-campaigns-weaponize-social-media-bots

    Resource of the article: IEEE Spectrum, Magazine edited by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers in the US.

    Publication date: 18/10/2018

    This article explains the effect of social media in turning political campaigns successful in the US. Of course, through organized social media manipulation with collecting information and or spreading computational propaganda.
    The article focuses on the U.S. election of 2016 and how the social network was exploited to manipulate voters through automated botnet (they are bits of software used to automate and scale up repetitive processes, such as following, linking, replying, and tagging on social media) which is not a bad thing for itself but can affect public discourse by pushing content and opinion from certain groups.
    It was also found that accounts tweeting more than 50 times a day using a political hashtag are almost invariably bots or accounts that mix automated techniques with occasional human curation. Very few humans—even journalists and politicians—can consistently generate dozens of fresh political tweets each day for days on end which could give a false impression of a public debate or a regime.
    The illustration “Election Botnets”, in the article, shows how highly centralized and interconnected the Trump botnet was and how diffuses and random was the one of Clinton in the last U.S. presidential election.
    Meanwhile, social media platforms have implemented a number of new practices to narrow down political manipulation on their platforms. Facebook, for example, disabled over 1 billion fake accounts, and doubled its safety and security team. Twitter reports that it blocks half a million suspicious log-ins per day. They are also investing in machine learning and artificial intelligence that can automatically spot and remove “fake news” and other undesirable activities.
    Summing all of this up and in my opinion the problem is not located only in social media manipulation since it is considered as platforms for communities’ interaction and information exchange. The big issue is what would be the next tactics for social media exploitation? I mean here the bad way of it. I think there should be a kind of regulation from one side. From the other side, people using social media should be aware of the manipulations and the amount of fake news spread every day through it and be more responsible in checking sources of information rather than adapting a statement from a fake post of a fake person…

    Article 3: Blockchain Tech Is Transforming The Energy Industry

    Link: https://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/blockchain-tech-is-transforming-the-energy-industry_us_5a56abd5e4b0d1a645f96bd8

    Resource of the article: Huffpost, American online newspaper

    Publication date: 01/10/2018

    The first part of this article points out how the adoption of blockchain technology has disruptive potential for the energy industry enhanced by two mean facts: the rise of the consumption and production of independent sources of renewable energy in the world and the growth of Distributed Energy Grids. Afterwards it explains how Blockchain technology would also enable the energy industry to develop cryptocurrencies for use within the marketplace. And finally, it cites some well-known international companies using this technology to reinvent the oil and gas industry.
    Despite the Blockchain will enable a decentralized energy transfer and distribution leading to a direct and efficient energy trade with a radical level of transparency, which is of course beneficial for both consumers and providers, I think that the long-term potential of this technology will be transformative when this later and the regulations eventually do find an equilibrium in the energy industry.

  12. Benjamin Schulz says:

    Article 1

    Title: Machines that learn language more like kids do

    Source of the article: MIT News

    Link: http://news.mit.edu/2018/machines-learn-language-human-interaction-1031

    Publication Date: October 31, 2018

    Author: Rob Matheson

    MIT researchers have developed a “semantic parser” that learns through observation. To learn the structure of the language, the parser watches untitled video and associates the words with recorded objects and actions. With a new sentence, the parser can then use what it has learned about the structure of the language to accurately predict the meaning of a sentence without the video. In doing so, he imitates the language-weaving process of a child, which could greatly enhance the computer’s capabilities in the future.

    The approach could extend the data types and reduce the burden of training AI systems. This Machine Learning Model could help to improve the interaction between humans and AI or robots (Alexa, Siri) in the future. For example, an AI equipped with the semantic parser could study its environment to improve the understanding of commands or understand grammatically incorrect or unclear sentences. The parser could also help researchers better understand how young children learn language.

    This article explores a new method of machine learning, addressing Phase 3. In my opinion, this is a very important area in the future for improving systems such as AI. Models such as these not only make it possible to improve the interaction between human and machine, but could also be a first step in reducing skepticism about machines of some people, as it enables fluid and intuitive communication between human and machine.

    Article 2

    Title: A step toward personalized, automated smart homes

    Source of the article: MIT News

    Link: http://news.mit.edu/2018/AI-identifies-people-indoor-smart-homes-1017

    Publication Date: October 17, 2018

    Author: Rob Matheson

    Researchers have developed a system that makes a step towards fully automated smart homes by identifying people even when they are not carrying mobile devices. The name of the system is Duet and combines two existing technologies. On the one hand, Duet uses reflected wireless signals to locate people; on the other hand, it uses intelligent algorithms that carry out analyzes close to mobile devices to identify the person and their motion metrics, based on the last use of the device.

    The article deals with an innovation that can be assigned to Phase 3. It describes an AI that makes intelligent homes even smarter. I see this development as very positive as it makes intelligent homes even more intuitive. This could be the first step to a house that knows the temperature at which I feel comfortable or turn on the television when I sit down on the couch. This innovation helps to bring the technology into the background. At the same time, privacy can be regulated so that the house can not analyze me.

    Article 3

    Title: Putting food-safety detection in the hands of consumers

    Source of the article: MIT News

    Link: http://news.mit.edu/2018/food-safety-rfid-detection-consumers-1114

    Publication Date: November 14, 2018

    Author: Rob Matheson

    This article is about a development that uses RFID tags to detect potential food contamination. In the researchers’ system, a reader emits a wireless signal that powers the RFID tag on a food container and interact with material in the container. Electromagnetic waves penetrate the material inside the container and return to the reader with distorted amplitude and phase. When the reader extracts the signal features, it sends those data to a machine-learning model on a separate computer. It analyzes feature changes and compares them with pure and impure examples in the database. The algorithms have 96 % accuracy in detecting fake alcohol or fake baby milk powder.

    In my opinion, this is a technology that belongs to Phase 3. I think the idea is great and think that it can save the lives of many people. Things like 2008, when 50,000 babies were hospitalized because of fake baby milk powder, could be prevented.

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